The De Carteret Leangle War-Club
A rare and historical fighting club in the form of a pickaxe. This type of weapon, know as leangle, was much feared as the curved point could reach far behind the opponents shield. Leangle is a vernacular name that comes from the Western and Central Victoria language groups. Early spellings include ‘leungail’, ‘lee-eng-ile’ and ‘lee-ung-ile’. These clubs are rare in Western collections. Western Victoria (possibly Murray River), Australia. Wood with a fine aged patina. 67,5 x 22 x 3,4 cm. C-14 test FO-08-42-01-C-14 : 145 +/- 40 BP (1765 – 1845 AD) (there is a 26,3 % possibility in the C-14 resuts that it dates from as early as 1663 to 1742 AD.)
From the collection of Philip de Carteret (January 22, 1733 – July 21, 1796) of Trinity Manor, Jersey. By descent through the family.
Philip de Carteret born in Jersey at Trinity Manor was the youngest son of Charles de Carteret, Seigneur of Trinity and Francoise Marie St Paul. Philip Carteret was a British naval officer and explorer who participated in both of the Royal Navy's circumnavigation expeditions of 1764 and 1766.
In 1764 as First Lieutenant of the Tamar, a 14-gun sloop under the command of Captain John Byron he embarked on his first circumnavigation and voyage of exploration to the South Pacific, which ended in 1766. Upon his return to England he was named Captain and immediately given command of the Swallow, consort to the Dolphin under the command of Samuel Wallis with orders to again explore the Pacific in search of un-claimed territories. The two ships parted shortly after entering the Strait of Magellan. Sailing the South Pacific on his own Carteret discovered Pitcairn Island and the Carteret Islands, off the coast of New Guinea, which were subsequently named after him, as well as charting the islands and passageways of the Bismarck Archipelago. He returned to England in March 1769. He later fought in the American War of Independence and retired as Rear Admiral of the Royal Navy. There is no information on how or where he acquired this club. Perhaps it was a gift or souvenir from a member of one of the Cook or later voyages.
Ill. : WALKABOUT the Early Art of the Australian Aborigines – and a Selection of Early Eskimo Art. Galerie Meyer, Paris, 2012, fig. 29.